Application of Dorothea Orem’s Theory into Nursing Practice

Sehrish Naz


The self-care deficit nursing theory by Dorothea Orem is a grand nursing theory that was created in between 1959 and 2001. The theory is also called the Orem's Model of Nursing. It is especially utilized as a part of recovery and essential care settings, where the patient is urged to be as free as could reasonably be expected. The purpose of this paper is to apply the theory of self-care deficit according to its principles into clinical practice, to give a holistic nursing care to a fully dependent patient.

Keywords: Nursing Theory Application; Theory Practice Gap; Clinical Practice; Holistic Nursing Care.

Full Text:



Denyes MJ, Orem DE, Bekel G. Self-care: a foundational science. Nurs Sci Q. 2001 Jan;14(1):48-54.

Riegel B, Jaarsma T, Stromberg A. A middle-range theory of self-care of chronic illness. Adv Nurs Sci. 2012 Jul-Sep;35(3):194-204.

Orem D. Nursing: Concepts of practice. Sixth ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2001.

Rew L. A theory of taking care of oneself grounded in experiences of homeless youth. Nurs Res. 2003 Jul-Aug;52(4):234-41.

Smith MC, Parker ME. Nursing theories and practice, Fourth ed. 1915 Arch Street Philadelphia, PA 19103: F. A. Davis Company; 2015.

Orem D. Nursing: Concepts of practice. Fifth ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1995.

Alligood MR, Tomey AM. Nursing theorists and their work. Seventh ed. Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby Elsevier; 2010.

Meleis AI. Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress, Fourth ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.

McKenna HP, Pajnkihar M, Murphy FA. Fundamentals of Nursing Models, Theories and Practice, Second edition ed. Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.

Tomey MA. Introduction to analysis of nursing theories. In: Tomey MA, Alligood MR. (eds.) Nursing Theorists and Their Work. Fourth ed. St Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book; 1998.

Cavanagh SJ. Orem's Model in Action. First ed. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS: Palgrave; 1991.

Pajnkihar M. Theory development for nursing in Slovenia. PhD thesis. Manchester: University of Manchester, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing and Pharmacy. 2003.

Feathers RL. Orem’s self-care nursing theory. In Riehl-Sisca J. (ed.) Conceptual Models for Nursing Practice. Third ed. Norwalk: Appleton & Lange; 1989.

Meleis AI. Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress. Third ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott; 1997.

Gortner SR. Nursing’s syntax revisited: a critique of philosophies said to influence nursing theories. In: Nicoll LH. (ed.) Perspectives on Nursing Theory. Third ed. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott; 1993.

McEwen M, Wills EM. Theoretical basis for Nursing. Fourth ed. Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103: Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014.

Orem D. Nursing: Concepts of practice. Third ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1985.

Johnson BM, Webber PB. An introduction to theory and reasoning in nursing. Third ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.


  • There are currently no refbacks.